Product Summary: Open removal of stones where endoscopic procedures have failed.

Item Number: 36543, 105

Why is it done?

Open surgery for large or complicated renal and ureteric calculi where all other techniques have failed. Seldomly done today.

  • As a last resort to remove a large stone.
  • Where equipment is not available.
  • As said: very rarely still used, more a historical procedure.
  • Same entry as for open nephrectomy.


  • PCNL.
  • ESWL.
  • Sandwich therapy: Combination of PCNL and ESWL.
  • URSE with laser.
  • (See these options).

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Nephro Uretero-lithotomy Open